B A U H A U S
|T H E B A U H A U S
THE INTERNATIONAL STYLE
WHAT DID THE BAUHAUS DO FOR TEL AVIV?
By Yacov MarkelA new style in modern art and architecture was created in Germany in the 1920's: The Bauhaus School. Founded in 1919 by architect Walter Gropius, whose idea was the creation of a modern architecture called 'International Style'.
The idea of the Bauhaus school was to create a new style that will be more modern than 'Art Deco', 'Art Novo' etc. The walls should be straight, clean, the outside should be plaster. The principal idea was that the house should be functional and serve the occupant therefore it should be simple, comfortable clean and built in straight lines.
In 1933, when the School was closed down due to political reasons, many Jewish students came to Tel-Aviv. In the 1930's Tel-Aviv was a young city in process of constantly growing, a wide and easy space for new ideas. Thus, thousands of houses in Tel Aviv were built in the new style.
All houses were nice, clean and colored in white, and this is how Tel-Aviv got to be called 'The White City'.
After the 'Herzlyia High School' in Tel Aviv was demolished, a movement for conservation and preservation of old and historical buildings was established.
In 1990 the Tel Aviv municipality took a decision that old and historical buildings of importance should be preserved and restored. Around 1100 buildings of the International Style were chosen for this purpose, as well as about 500 buildings of earlier style, built before the 1930's.
In the 1990's Tel Aviv municipality submitted to UNESCO the City of TEL AVIV to be included in the 'World Heritage List' as the city with largest number of buildings in the BAUHAUS – INTERNATIONAL STYLE.
On July 3 2003, during UNESCO's General Conference which took place in Paris, it was unanimously decided by all member states, to include TEL AVIV on the World Heritage List as 'THE WHITE CITY'.
One of the prerogatives of becoming a World Heritage Site is committing to preserve it and constantly maintain it in general good condition. Tel Aviv municipality is now trying to do just that, by investing lots of efforts in order to keep up with this commitment.
SOME OF THE MOST FAMOUS HOUSES IN INTERNATIONAL STYLE IN TEL-AVIV:
84 Rothschild Blvd.
1 Hagilboa St.
65 Hovevey Zion St.
49 Ahad Ha'am St.
3 Strauss St.
79 Gordon St.
14-16 Ben Ami St.
64 Ben Gurion Blvd.
2 Pinsker St.
70 Ha'yarkon St.
96 Hayarkon St.
And many many more.