ארכיון הקטגוריה: English lecture

Talitah &Tabitah


‘ Talitah&Tabitah
The first miracles
By Markel Yacov
THE TALITH MIRACLEJesus from Nazareth was baptized by John in the Jordan River. After John was imprisoned, Jesus returned to the Galilee and preached the Gospel of God. He was healing people and many started gathering around him and he fled to the other side of the Sea of Galilee.

After several days, he returned to Capernaum and when people heard of his
return, they gathered around him once again. He was speaking to the
people, and while he spoke, one of the leaders of the synagogue, named
Yair, came to Jesus, and when Yair saw Him he fell at His feet.: “My
little daughter is at death’s door,” he said. “I beg you please, come to
my house and lay your hands on her, then she will be healed and live.” It
was the man’s only child and she was twelve. Jesus went with him and many
people followed and were crowding Him.

“Now a certain woman had a flow of blood for twelve years, and had suffered many things from many physicians. She had spent all that she possessed but didn't get any better her condition was even worth.

When she heard about Jesus, she came behind him in the crowd and touched his garment. For she said: “If only I may touch his clothes, I shall be made well”.

Immediately, upon touching His clothes the flow of her blood stopped, and
she felt in her body that she was healed.”

Then Jesus, immediately knowing that power had gone out of Him, turned
around in the crowd and inquired, “Who touched my clothes?”

The disciples denied touching him and Jesus looked around at the vast
crowd of people surrounding him. The woman came forward, fell down before
him and told him the whole truth and why she touched him.

“And he said to her: “Daughter, your faith has made you well. Go in peace
and be healed of your affliction.”

While Jesus was still speaking there came from the ruler of the
synagogue’s house certain persons who said to Yair, “Your daughter is
dead. Why bother the teacher any further?”

As soon as Jesus heard those words He said to Yair, “Do not be afraid,
only believe.”

Jesus did not allow anyone to follow Him to Yair’s house, except for Kefaya and the two brothers, Ya’akov and Yochanan. Coming into the house of Yair, He saw the upset and those who wept and wailed loudly.

After coming in He said to them, “Why make this commotion and weep? The
girl is not dead but sleeping.”

The mourners, with mockery, laughed at Him. But when He had ultimately put
them all out, He took the father and mother of the girl and the disciples
that were with Him, and entered the room where she was laying.

Then He took her hand and said to her, “Talitha, cumi.” The translation to
Hebrew is: “Little girl, I say to you: arise.” (Talit in Hebrew is the
traditional Jewish name for the arba knafot, the four-cornered garment
with fringes/tzitzit commanded to be worn under the clothes in the Torah.)

Her spirit returned to her, and she arose immediately and walked. Those
watching were awestruck. Jesus strictly instructed them to tell no one and
commanded that something should be given to her to eat.

(To make things clear: There are 3 keywords in this story: Talitah (the
little girl’s name), Talith (the Hebrew name for the special four-cornered
garment with fringes) and Taleh (the Hebrew word for Lamb) the symbol of
Jesus, all heaving a very similar intonation.)

Now we will go to the second miracle: this was performed by Jesus’ first
student “Kefiah”, who followed him and got the key to heaven. This is the
first miracle he did as a substitute of Jesus on earth. So the name of the
woman will be the same.

Acts 9
36. At Jaffa there was a certain disciple named Tabitha which is
translated Dorcas. (Translated to Hebrew ‘Zviah’ – female deer). This woman was full of good works and charitable deeds which she did. But it happened in those days that she became sick and died. When they had washed
her, they laid her in an upper room.”
Tabitha was one of the Jewish-Christian community in Jaffa who suddenly
passed away. Therefore St. Peter was called to her rescue.

And since LYDDA was near Jaffa and the disciples had heard that Peter was
there, they sent two men to him, imploring him not to delay in coming to
them. Then Peter arouse and went with them. When he had come, they brought
him to the upper room. And all the widows stood by him weeping, showing
the tunics and garments which Dorcas had made while she was with them.
40. But Peter put them all out, and kneeled down and prayed. And turning
to the body he said: “Tabitah arise” and she opened her eyes, and when she
saw Peter she set up. Than he gave her his hand and lifted her up: and
when he had called the saints and widows he presented her alive.
42. And it became known throughout all Jaffa and many believed on the
Lord. So it was that he stayed many days in Jaffa with Simon the tanner.

The significance of Jaffa in this story is that it was the place where
Peter performed his first miracle as Jesus’ successor on earth, thus
justifying his title.

Acts 11
5. I was in the city of JOPPA praying, and in a trance I saw a vision: an
object descending like a great sheet. Let down from heaven by four corners
and it came to me.

6. When I observed it intently and considered I saw four-footed animals of the earth. Wild beasts, creeping things, and birds of the sky.

7. And I heard a voice saying to me, rise Peter kill and eat.

8. But I said: not so, LORD! For nothing common or unclean has at any time
entered my mouth.

9. But the voice answered me again from heaven: “what GOD has cleansed you
must not call common”.

10. Now this was done three times, and all were drawn up again into
heaven. ‘s

After St. Peter performed his first miracle, he went to Simon the Tanner’s
house and lived there for a short while. During his stay over there he had
this vision. This vision ended the dispute between St’ Peter and St’ Paul,
as it made St’ Peter realize St’ Paul was right in arguing that all
gentiles should also be brought under the new religion – Christianity.

The High Commissioners

The High Commissioners

‘ The High Commissioners
The British High Commissioners in ISRAEL.
By Markel YacovUpon gaining the United Nations Mandate over Palestine, The British Government nominated a High Commissioner to rule the country.
There were seven (7) High Commissioners in total, who ruled over the entire territory on both sides of the Jordan River, meaning the western part, later on to become the State of Israel, as well as the eastern part, to become the Kingdom of Jordan. On the eastern side Abdullah son of Hussein was appointed as ruler and later on he became the first King of Jordan.

All the Commissioners were on the verge of retirement from public activity when nominated, the youngest being about 50 years old, and the eldest about 68. They regarded their job in Palestine as suitable to end their career and contribution to the British Crown. Only one of them was Jewish, one a Politician, 4 were high-ranked army Officers and 2 were highly ranked Civil Servants.

The First Commissioner, Sir Herbert Samuel, 1920-1925. The first British High Commissioner, appointed in 1920, was also the only Jew among the 7. He was 50 when he entered office, having already served the labor party as Parliament Member, was several time Minister in various Offices and helped obtaining the ‘Balfour Declaration’. The first Saturday on duty he walked all the way from his residence in Augusta Victoria to the ‘Ha’Hurva’ Synagogue in the Jewish quarter for the prayer. Everyone in the Synagogue was weeping of joy and excitement. Being Jewish made him harden his position, as he felt he had to prefer the Arabs over the Jews, so that ‘people won’t say’….
At first he allowed immigrants to enter the country (‘Aliayh’) but later on he changed his policy. He appointed Haj Amin El Housseini as ‘Mufty’ of Jerusalem (the highest Muslim Priest) thus turning him into the most significant Arab figure in the country. All his actions were aimed at calming down the Arabs. On the other hand, he helped the Jews overcome the severe unemployment at that time, by paving many roads and creating jobs for many.
His son Edwin married the daughter of Yehuda Gur, author of the well-known Hebrew dictionary. During his time, the events of May 1921 took place. He disappointed Jews and Arabs as well, however, when he was about to end his duty, both sides asked him to stay on.

The Second Commissioner, Lord Palmer, 1925-1928
Lord Palmer’s rank was Field Marshal. He arrived to Palestine in 1925 at the age of 68. After an opulent army service he reached the high rank of Field Marshal at the end of World War I. He also participated at the ‘Boor War’ in Africa where he fought against the black rebels. He was made ‘Lord’, and it seems that he got the High Commissioner office towards his retirement from public life. As an army veteran he was very firm in his positions and none of the rival sides could make him change his decisions. He wouldn’t hold back from letting the Arab’s have his opinion and insisted on keeping ‘public order’, which was indeed kept during the 3 years of his service. He also helped the Jewish settlement at time of the great crisis following the ‘Fourth Aliyah’. The ‘Pogrom’ started in 1929, after he left office.

The Third Commissioner, Sir John Robert Chancellor, 1928-1931
A former Officer of the British Colonies in Africa. He was wrong in his assessment of the situation in Palestine. The 1929 ‘Pogrom’ started one year after he entered office, caused by a dispute at the ‘West Wall’: “should Jews be allowed to put up a partition between men and women during prayer?” The Commissioner was out of the country for his annual vacation, and the leaders of the Jewish settlement were in Europe, participating at the Zionist Congress. The Arabs felt safe and the 1929 ‘Pogrom’ will be remembered for generations due to the massacre all over the country, especially in Hebron.

The Fourth Commissioner, Sir Arthur Wakopf, 1931-1938
Sir Arthur Wakopf arrived to Palestine in November 1931, at the age of 57, looking tired and older than his age. It seems that the British Government had learned from the mistake of Sir John Chancellor (in his tough attitude towards the Jewish settlement), and were looking for a better nomination, someone that would restore the good atmosphere during Lord Palmer’s days, and improve the difficult relationship between the British Government and the Zionist Movement. In addition to publishing Passfield’s ‘White Book” edicts, the British Government felt uneasy by the big tumult it created in the Jewish World. Chaim Weitzman was invited to Prime Minister Macdonald and was consulted which Commissioner to send to Palestine. According to Macdonald, a strong army man like Palmer was required in order to restore order, but also an open-minded one. Thus, Sir Arthur Wakopf was selected, and indeed he did a great job for six years. He sympathized with the Zionist concept, and did everything to assist the Jewish Settlement in Palestine. The population doubled and the gates of the land opened to the German Jews who fled immediately upon Hitler’s rise to Power. Wakopf was a Battalion Commander in the Indian Army and fought against the Turks in Iraq. After the war he was active as Military Inspector on restricting the German armament. During his first years he used to meet a lot with the Jewish Settlement leaders and participated in various events. Since he did not predict or stop the Arab mutiny of 1936, his position was weakened.

The Fifth Commissioner, Harold Mac-Michael 1938-1944
A High Officer of the British Government, former Governor of Sudan and High Commissioner of Tanganika. Mac-Michael came to Palestine at the age of 56, during the days of the ‘Arab Mutiny’ which took place for about 3 years, between 1936 and 1939. Held office of ‘British High Commissioner to Palestine’ for about six and a half years and during his entire period a bad atmosphere came through from the High Commissioners Palace in Jerusalem, located on a mount called ‘Bad Advise Mount’. New edicts were inflicted in 1939 in the form of ‘The White Book’ restricting the ‘Aliya’ – Jewish immigration to Palestine and prohibiting purchase of land by Jews, which only added to the bad atmosphere. Mac-Michael, being a strict British Officer, made sure to follow all new commands to the last. During his time deportation of illegal immigrants started, and he strongly opposed drafting Jews to the British Army during World War II. The sinking of the ‘Struma’ in the Black Sea with 800 illegal immigrants on board, including children, who were not allowed to enter the country, caused the ‘Hagana’ to distribute a ‘Wanted’ leaflet. In 1944, while he was driving from Jerusalem to Jaffa to his farewell party, ‘Ha’Lechy” people (underground movement) attempted to kill him, without success.

The Sixth Commissioner, Field Marshall Lord Gorth 1944-1945
Son of an aristocratic family, many of which were high ranked Army Officers. He was former Chief of Staff of the British Army. In 1940 he commanded the Army expedition in France, and was the one who saved the British Army at Dunkirk. In 1943 received the rank of Field Marshall and retired from the Army. He was 58 when he came to Palestine and it seemed like he was sympathetic to the Jewish settlement in the country. Due to his health condition, he resigned from office and died a short while afterwards.

The Seventh Commissioner, Allen Cuningham, 1945-1948

Cuningham commanded the troops that conquered Ethiopia from the Italians, but wasn’t very remarkable as commander of the Army who fought in 1941 against Romell in the Western Desert, on the Lybian front, and was sent back to London. At the end of 1945, aged 58, he was sent to Palestine, as High Commissioner. He wasn’t more hostile than the other Commissioners, however in his time the worst ‘events’ took place. The Jewish population at that time took actions against the British Government, organized by three underground movements, such as illegal immigration operations, setting up agricultural settlements, and a wide range of political activity. All of the above brought on trouble on daily basis. The British Government didn’t apply homogeneous instructions policy. The Foreign Minister, Bewin, required a firm hand, as did the Heads of the Army in Palestine. On the other hand, Prime Minister Ethly was in favor of more flexibility in the complex relationship. Until day of his departure on May 14 1948, Cuningham had to maneuver and handle all the events. Out of fear he might be attacked on his last voyage in the country from Jerusalem to Haifa, he traveled by a well secured convoy from the Commissioners Palace up to the airport at Calandia, and from there took a flight to Haifa which was totally under Military control. A boat took him from shore to a ship waiting at quite some distance – outside the territorial waters. Exactly on midnight of the night between 15 and 16 of May 1948, the flag was lowered down and the British Mandate on the Land of Israel was over.

Fragment of tours in Tel Aviv-Jaffa area by Yakov Markel, 03-5620812 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting              03-5620812      end_of_the_skype_highlighting. .

Stories of Jaffa

Stories of Jaffa

 Stories of JaffaBy Markel YacovStory’s of Jaffa
We are standing here on the Jaffa Hill, or as we say in Hebrew – "TEL" Jaffo. From here we can see the entire Sea Shore. How did Jaffa turn into an important port, and how was this hill created?Sailors were roaming this sea from the dawn of History, and since this harbor with it’s natural bay and water break provided a very good shelter, they used to dock here on the way between Egypt and Syria in order to discharge some of their merchandise and then load on board local products, such as the Jaffa oranges.Before the compass was invented, seamen used to navigate by the sun or by the stars, but whenever there was cloudy weather, they didn’t have any means of telling where they were. Therefore, they used to sail at a very close range to the shore and to keep eye contact with the shore.

From time immemorial, Jaffa, an important strategic point on the highway between Egypt and Syria, was a target of many conquerors. To mention some of them,
we had the Phoenicians,
the Greeks,
the Romans,
the Byzantines,
the Crusaders,
the Mamluks,
the Turks,
the British
and not to forget, the Israelis.
All those who conquered the city, actually destroyed it and built a new one on top of it. That’s how this “Tel” was created, by layer after layer, from time of the bible and until nowadays.

Napoleon Canons
Napoleon came to Jaffa on March 1799, during his ‘middle east’ episode. He conquered the city in no time and literally destroyed it, so actually Jaffa as we know it today, is from 1800 and on. Then he tried to conquer Acre as well, but failed after several attempts. On his way back from Acre to Egypt by boat, his soldiers dropped the Canons along the shore, and these canons are the original ones used by Napoleon, positioned here as a memorial. Here we have a small canon and a bit further, next to St. Peter’s church is a larger one, a nine pounds canon. The cannons were operated by inserting black powder at the lower edge, putting an iron ball at the top and lighting up the powder thru a small hole, which caused it powder to explode and the explosion threw the ball
to a target up to a distance of about 150 meters. This is how they created a hole in the wall of Jaffa and burst into the city, and the rest is History.

Napoleon stayed in Jaffa about one or two nights. The monks here say that this is the room he slept in.

We are now in front of St. Peter’s Church. And as you may know, Jesus had 12 Apostles or rather students- faithful followers.
The 1st and most important one was Peter. According to the New Testament, after St. Peter got the key to heaven from Jesus he arrived here and performed his 1st miracle.

The miracle was that he brought alive a made named Tabitah. The miracle took place on this spot where we are standing now, and in memory of this event, the Franciscans built here the church and the monastery. This particular building was built on the ruins of an ancient church. The first church was built in 1642 and this one in 1882, donated by the king of Spain. Therefore the church is in Spanish Baroque style.

The Franciscan order is a Christian order started by Franciscus of Assisi and the Franciscans were appointed by the Pope to be the Guardians of the Holly Land.

As you know, on every public house you can always find a sign to whom the building belongs or who built it. It doesn’t matter which religion we’re talking about. Look up and you will see St. Peter’s sign. You see the crown, symbol of the Kingdom of Heaven. You also see the 2 keys. Because St. Peter got the key to heaven from Jesus, he became the “substitute” of Jesus on Earth. Underneath, in the white sign, you can see 5 crosses, which symbolize the Crusaders. The two hands are the symbol of the Franciscan order. One is dressed and the other is bare.

When Franciscus of Assisi arrived to Rome to ask for the Pope’s permission to establish the "Franciscan order", he identified with Jesus so much that he got “DESTIGMATA”. “Destigmata” is the hole in his hand, the hole that was made by the nail when Jesus was crucified to the cross. The bare hand symbolizes Jesus and the other hand symbolizes Franciscus. All churches belonging to the Franciscan order have this sign.

The Jewish House
Till 1840, due to religious reasons, there was no official Jewish community in Jaffa. 1200 B.C, more or less the time that the Israelites arrived from Egypt to the Promised Land, each of the 12 tribes had to conquer the properties assigned to them. The tribe of "Dan", to whose territory Jaffa belonged, didn’t succeed to conquer Jaffa. For this reason, the High Rabbinate in Jerusalem, didn’t give the permit to establish here in Jaffa a Jewish community. Of course I do believe that one or two, or maybe more Jews lived here.

In 1820 a Jew named Ieshaia Ajiman, arrived to Jaffa, on his way to Jerusalem. He was a rich man who dealt with the Turkish Sultan Army, and he bought a three-floor house for the Jews of Jaffa. This house served as a hostel and a synagogue for the Jews that used to pass thru Jaffa port on the way to Jerusalem. This place was known as the Jewish Court – “Dar el Yahud”.

Vatican Embassy
Even though there are many Christians and many Christian churches in Israel, the Vatican, until last few years, didn’t recognize the State of Israel. This situation changed only recently, but still the Vatican doesn’t recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital. This is the most natural location for the Vatican Embassy of course, because this is the Franciscan church and as I mentioned before, they are the Holly Land Guardians. Here St. Peter performed his first miracle and became the first Pope, and now Pope John the 2nd, during his visit to Israel last year, opened the Vatican Embassy to Israel.

The Catholic Hostel
This hostel was built in 1642 to provide the pilgrims, on their way to Jerusalem, a place to stay overnight. Look above and you can see the Franciscan sign, which could be immediately recognized by the pilgrims who came to Jaffa and where looking for their own sign. They wouldn’t get inside if they didn’t see the sign of their own order. Here we can see the Franciscan Catholic sign.

We shall continue walking and we shall see a hostel with the Greek orthodox sign. They will never mix, because if for example an orthodox will go into the Franciscan church they will try to convert him and this is of course forbidden in any religion.

The Greek Orthodox Monastery
Right next to the Franciscan Hostel, we have the Greek Orthodox Monastery, which served for same purposes, only of course to the Orthodox Pilgrims.

The House of Simon the Tanner.
After St. Peter preformed his first miracle, which we mentioned earlier in the church, he came here to visit his friend, "Simon the Tanner". He climbed up to this roof, and here he had a vision – a large object came to him from heaven, like a white sheet, and many different animals, and a voice told him to eat them. He refused and the voice repeated the command three times. He understood this was a symbol urging him to go to the gentiles.

Statue of Faith
It has three parts. On the top, you can see the conquest of Jericho. As you know, Jericho was the first city the Israelites conquered, by circling its walls seven times, after which the walls fell down. You should know that when the crusaders arrived at Jerusalem in 1099, they tried to take it the same way – by circling its walls. Of course, they failed.

To the right, Jacob’s dream. GENESIS 28 / 11

To the left, the sacrifice of Isaac. GENESIS 22 / 3

The ‘Hammam’

This institution exists in the east ever since the Roman era in Israel. The Hammam used to serve as a meeting place for the male population. All the daily affairs, commerce, personal problems and gossip used to go around while bathing and having sauna being served coffee or treats.


Neve Zedek

Neve Zedek

Neve Zedek

The First Neighborhood
By Markel YacovWe are standing outside the site of ancient Jaffa. This entire area
was built in the 1880's. In the distance, we can see Jaffa. Up until 1860, walls surrounded Jaffa, and then people started building outside the walls. The trade between Israel and Europe was increasing, and since Jaffa was the main harbor of the country, the city started to develop and increase in population. It’s not clear why, but all the Christians chose to live in the south, the Moslems in the north, along the sea, and the Jews had no choice but to go to the northeast. On the east side no one could live since the area was used for plantations. More and more Jews came every year. In the 1880’s over a thousand Jews lived in Jaffa. The rent rose, and life was hard on the Jaffa Jews. So, a small group of Jews from the middle class decided to build themselves a separate neighborhood. The only possible area was northeast of Jaffa. The area for the neighborhood was purchased from a rich Jew named Aharon Shlush. An architect divided The area to 48 units – one for each member. Each of them was asked to build a small house, containing two rooms, a kitchen and a bathroom. The residents strictly kept the neighborhood clean and orderly.
Since the 1920’s, the area was neglected, and in the 1970’s a man named Mr. Dalal came from England, and offered to donate money for restoring the area, if it would be named after his daughter Suzan, who died at a very young age.
Both buildings were schools. In 1896 the Hebrew School was founded in Jaffa, and after ten years the school moved to the Neve-Shalom neighborhood, not far away from here. The school was maintained by two organizations – Aliance and the Zion Lovers. In 1911 an argument started between the two organizations, over what language the teaching should be – Alliance decided with French, while the “Zion Lovers” wanted the students to learn in Hebrew. In 1913 the organizations separated, and each founded its own school. To the left, the Alliance school, and the right the “Zion Lovers school”. In the Alliance building, on April 1948, the ETZEL organization had its headquarters, and from here the people left to take over Jaffa. The second building was the headquarters of the HAGANA organization.
The whole area was designed by the architect Shlomo Aharonson. In the square, we have an example of an orange plantation, And we can see the watering system used by the Arabs in the last century.
Mosaic on the wall.
The Mosaic was designed in 3 parts show the development of life, from Jaffa to Tel Aviv.
The first picture –
On the horizon we can see the Jaffa Harbor and its ships, and we can see the harbor’s Light Tower. We can also see the orange tree – the symbol of Jaffa.
In the left side of the picture we can see a palm tree – the symbol of the east.
In the center of the picture we can see the important Jewish people of Jaffa. Shimon Rokach – the founder of “Neve Zedek”.
Zerach Barnett, the founder of “Neve Shalom”, and also the founder of the first Jewish neighborhood outside the walls of Jerusalem – "Mea Shearim". He also founded the first colony in the country – “Petach Tikva”.
Haim Amzaleg – The British vice consul in Jaffa, we can see him with his uniform. He was so proud of his position that he always wore his uniforms.
Second Picture –
In the horizon we can see the foundation of Tel Aviv, which took place on April 1909. In the center, you can see the first train that was built in the middle east in 1892. It went from Jaffa to Jerusalem. When the British took over the land in 1918 they changed the track so it would fit to European trains. That’s why they had to lift the bridge a little higher.

Dizengoff House

Dizengoff House

‘Dizengoff House’The establishment of the first Jewish neighborhood
By Yacov Markel

We are standing in front of the ‘Dizengoff House’, formerly home of the first Mayor of Tel Aviv, Mr. Meir Dizengoff, then a museum, and now the ‘House of the Bible’ and the “Independents museum”.

This is a most unique place. Exactly on this spot, both the city of Tel Aviv and the state of Israel were established. I believe there’s no other place like it in the world. And I’ll give priority to the city since it’s the elder one.

On a sunny day of April 1909, a group of 60 families gathered in this place to establish the first Jewish neighborhood out of Jaffa. The group bought the land. The organizer, guy named Akiva Arieh Weiss, according to a legend, collected from the seashore 60 white shells and 60 black ones. On the white shells he wrote the names and on the black ones he wrote the property numbers. Then a kid drew out the shells, one by one and thus each family got its property. The settlement was named ‘Ahuzat Bait’ and from this neighborhood the city of Tel Aviv was established.

I’ll give you just a short background of the period. At that time, beginning of the 20th century, the Jewish population of Jaffa lived in very bad conditions, sanitarily as well as high condensation inside the walls, without possibility to build new houses within Jaffa.

Here is the memorial in memory of the 60 founding families. One side lists the names of the families. The other side tells the story of the city. The lowest level shows how the place looked like before anyone settled here, so you can see here sand dunes and wild animals. The second level shows the beginning of the city as a small neighborhood with ‘single floor’, houses, and the Mayor’s house in its first version. The upper level shows the city as it looks today. The Mayor’s house, as it looks today, the national theatre, the national poet’s house and square on Dizengoff Street, named after his wife Mrs. Zina Dizengoff. The top level shows the city as it will be in the future with skyscrapers. On the side we can see the symbol of the East: the Palm Tree, the Tel Aviv harbor on the right side corner, which the first Mayor managed to establish one month before he passed away, in 1936. Here is the City’s shield, as created by the famous painter Nachum Gutmann. We see here waves that symbolize the sea or the dunes, the lighthouse of the Tel Aviv harbor. We also see 7 stars that symbolize the 7 hours that Mr. Hershel suggested as working hours for the new Israeli worker.

Now back to Dizengoff House. On May 14 1948, Friday afternoon, at 4 p.m., a taxi stopped here. Out came Mr. David Ben Gurion and rushed up these stairs into the hall, which was prepared for a ceremony. Mr. Ben Gurion took his place on the stage. After a short introduction, he stood up and made a most important declaration, the declaration of independence of the state of Israel.

The location of the declaration was kept a secret because of the 5 Arab countries surrounding Israel (Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon and Iraq). These countries made it clear that if the Jews will declare a state, they will invade and destroy it before it might even be established.

Someone was put in charge to prepare the hall for the ceremony. He cleaned up the place and went out to look for chairs, in the neighborhood coffee shops. He asked for chairs and explained the reason. That is how the rumor spread all around the city, and the location was no longer a secret. When Ben Gurion arrived, there were lots of people outside waiting to hear the declaration. So Ben Gurion ordered to put out a loud speaker so that everyone could hear him making the speech. The whole ceremony took about 20 or 30 minutes, because it was Friday afternoon and they didn’t wish to disgrace the Saturday. As you may imagine, some of the members were religious people.

When Ben Gurion got out he saw the people outside dancing and singing. They asked him to join the spontaneous celebrations, but he said: “you may dance but I have a war to run”, because he knew that that night 5 countries will invade the new born state. And that’s what indeed happened.



By Yacov MarkelA new style in modern art and architecture was created in Germany in the 1920's: The Bauhaus School. Founded in 1919 by architect Walter Gropius, whose idea was the creation of a modern architecture called 'International Style'.

The idea of the Bauhaus school was to create a new style that will be more modern than 'Art Deco', 'Art Novo' etc. The walls should be straight, clean, the outside should be plaster. The principal idea was that the house should be functional and serve the occupant therefore it should be simple, comfortable clean and built in straight lines.

In 1933, when the School was closed down due to political reasons, many Jewish students came to Tel-Aviv. In the 1930's Tel-Aviv was a young city in process of constantly growing, a wide and easy space for new ideas. Thus, thousands of houses in Tel Aviv were built in the new style.

All houses were nice, clean and colored in white, and this is how Tel-Aviv got to be called 'The White City'.

After the 'Herzlyia High School' in Tel Aviv was demolished, a movement for conservation and preservation of old and historical buildings was established.

In 1990 the Tel Aviv municipality took a decision that old and historical buildings of importance should be preserved and restored. Around 1100 buildings of the International Style were chosen for this purpose, as well as about 500 buildings of earlier style, built before the 1930's.

In the 1990's Tel Aviv municipality submitted to UNESCO the City of TEL AVIV to be included in the 'World Heritage List' as the city with largest number of buildings in the BAUHAUS – INTERNATIONAL STYLE.

On July 3 2003, during UNESCO's General Conference which took place in Paris, it was unanimously decided by all member states, to include TEL AVIV on the World Heritage List as 'THE WHITE CITY'.

One of the prerogatives of becoming a World Heritage Site is committing to preserve it and constantly maintain it in general good condition. Tel Aviv municipality is now trying to do just that, by investing lots of efforts in order to keep up with this commitment.


84 Rothschild Blvd.

1 Hagilboa St.

65 Hovevey Zion St.

49 Ahad Ha'am St.

3 Strauss St.

79 Gordon St.

14-16 Ben Ami St.

64 Ben Gurion Blvd.

2 Pinsker St.

70 Ha'yarkon St.

96 Hayarkon St.

And many many more.




A SHORT TOUR ALONG THE TEL-AVIV PROMENADE• Starting at the Hilton Hotel. Excavations have discovered an archeological site from the time of King Alexander Yanai (the Hashmonite Dynasty), around 1st century B. C.

• Nearby, an ancient Muslim cemetery from the Mamluk period, 12th-13th centuries, was in use till the beginning of the 20th century.

• From the Hilton hill, a beautiful view of the whole Tel Aviv beach and promenade, as well as old city of Jaffa.

• "Atarim" square shopping center, with exit towards Ben Gurion Blvd., not far away from Ben Gurion’s house (Establisher of the state of Israel and its 1st Prime Minister). The house serves nowadays as an open museum on Ben Gurion.
• Going southwards, places and houses telling of important events prior to Israel’s statehood.

• Walking nearby houses of famous Israeli lady poets, such as Rachel.

• On Ha’Yarkon Street, the Russian Embassy, and almost across of it the American Embassy, and others.

• Along the coast line, points where illegal immigrants arrived to the shores of Tel Aviv during the time of the British Mandate.

• All along the tour we will see buildings of various architectural styles such as the Bauhaus, Oriental Style and others.

• Usishkyn’s House – one of the most beautiful buildings in Tel Aviv.

To contact me: ymarkel@ymarkel.com
Or: Tel: +972-52-2504592 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting              +972-52-2504592      end_of_the_skype_highlighting